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What is Ancestry testing?

Our genetic ancestry testing service allows you to trace your heritage back thousands and thousands of years to determine your ancestor’s origin and migration paths. We make use of two types of DNA to establish markers of descent which has been passed down from your ancient predecessors on both your paternal (father) and maternal (mother) side.

The maternal lineage test uses mitochondrial DNA to trace the origin of your ancestors from your mother’s side of the family. Whereas the paternal lineage test uses Y-Chromosome DNA to trace the lineage of your father’s side of the family.

What is required for the test?

Testing is done by means of cheek (buccal) swabs. Buccal swab kits can be
requested from our laboratory or go to one of the clicks clinics we work with. There is
very little to no risk involved in taking a buccal swab.

Limitations of Ancestry Testing

It is important to note that Y-chromosome testing is only available to male individuals, as females do not inherit a Y-chromosome. In instances where female individuals want to learn about their paternal lineage – we suggest they ask a male relative to undergo the testing on their behalf. The mtDNA test is available to people of either sex.

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FAQs

frequently asked questions related to Ancestry Testing

HOW MUCH WILL EVERYTHING COST ME?

The total cost of males are R 2950 (mtDNA and y-chromosome analysis) and for females are R
1850 (mtDNA only). In the case of when only a y-chromosome profile is required the cost is R
1995. There are no hidden costs. This INCLUDES: VAT and courier costs of sending buccal swabs
to your home and collecting them from you again once you have collected your samples.

WHEN IS PAYMENT DUE?

50% payment upfront is required before we send the buccal swabs to you. Once your results are
ready, they will be made available to you upon receipt of full payment.

WHAT IS A BUCCAL SWAB?

A buccal swab (cheek swab) is a cotton-tipped swab used to collect DNA from the inside of the
mouth, quick and painless.

HOW DO I ARRANGE FOR BUCCAL SWABS TO BE COURIERED TO ME?

All you need to do is send us an e-mail indicating that you want to start the ancestry testing
process. You need to include a delivery address where the buccal swabs should be sent to you
during working hours, with the name and telephone number of a contact person.

HOW DO I GET THE SWABS BACK TO YOU ONCE I’VE USED THEM?

As soon as you have the samples ready, you let us know and we arrange for a courier to come and
collect them from you and bring them back to the lab to start the analysis.

HOW DO I KNOW HOW TO USE THE BUCCAL SWABS?

We send very clear and easy to follow instructions to you with the buccal swabs. It tells you
exactly how and when to use them, what to do and what not to do, as well as how to package
them once they’ve been used.

CAN I USE BLOOD, HAIR OR SALIVA TO DO THE TEST?

We use blood (purple-top EDTA tubes), saliva (collected with saliva kits) or buccal swab samples.
No other biological material is accepted for testing.

FOR HOW LONG DO SAMPLES REMAIN STABLE?

Samples are stable for up to one week provided the swab was dried properly at room temperature
and exposure was kept between 20°C and 37°C.

WHAT IS THE PROCESS FOR HAVING AN ANCESTRY TEST DONE?

The process is simple: Once we have your address, we send you buccal swabs with a courier to
your home. We will need a sample collected from the inside of the mouth. Once the sample is
ready, you let us know and we will arrange for it to be collected from your home for testing.

HOW LONG DOES IT TAKE TO GET THE RESULTS?

Results are normally available within 10-15 working days from the day the sample arrives at our
laboratory.

WHAT IS A HAPLOGROUP?

A haplogroup is a combination of variants on your DNA that is inherited as a group. Your
haplogroup is a clan and tells you where your ancestors came from.

WHAT WILL BE INCLUDED IN MY RESULTS?

Your results will indicate which haplogroup you originate from and when this haplogroup started.
The level of detail varies between haplogroups as some haplogroups give you an indication of which
content you’re from, a specific region or in some cases there is correlation with a specific city or
town. We also include a migration map to show how your haplogroup migrated over time.

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